Coronary Artery Disease: Every Thing You Need To Know


Coronary artery disease is one of the significant conditions under the umbrella of heart diseases. The annual fatality rate of general heart diseases in the US alone is approximately 610,000 people. The figure translates to one heart disease fatality in every four deaths annually.

Coronary artery disease or CAD, as it is mostly known, has a high prevalence rate among other heart diseases in the US. The fatality rate of coronary artery disease in the US is approximately 370,000 people annually. To lower such a stunning figure, everyone should be a key player in keeping healthy.

Plaque buildup which is medically known as atherosclerosis can damage your arteries. The function of coronary arteries is to supply the heart muscles with oxygenated blood. Excessive cholesterol buildup forms a plaque in the inner walls of your arteries.

Over time, the deposits can narrow your arteries and hence reduce oxygenate blood to the heart. Such a condition can cause coronary artery disease (CAD) which can then cause angina or chest pain. In the worst condition, it can cause a heart attack.

Severe CAD can weaken your heart muscles due to inadequate blood and oxygen supply to the heart. When that happens, it can lead to other heart diseases such as arrhythmias and heart failure.

Atherosclerosis -- or hardening of the arteries -- is the leading cause of heart attacks, stroke, and peripheral vascular disease.

What Causes Coronary Artery Disease?

Coronary artery disease can begin from childhood due to artery formation defects. The condition gradually deteriorates causing damage to the inside layer of the artery.

Another cause of coronary artery disease is plaque buildup inside the walls of coronary arteries. Cholesterol and other substances deposit buildup plaque inside the coronary arteries.

What is the Danger and Complications of Atherosclerosis?

As the deposits continue to build plaque, the arteries gradually continue to narrow. The buildup can cause arteries to block partially. Insufficient blood to the heart can lead to a condition known as angina. Angina is a significant CAD symptom.

Severe plaque buildup can cause total blockage cutting blood flow to the heart, which then can lead to heart attack and probably death.

In other instances, coronary arteries disease can weaken the heart muscles. Heart muscles are responsible for pumping blood. When the muscles weaken, the heart then fails to pump blood efficiently. The weak heart muscles can cause other complications, such as arrhythmia or heart failure.

CAD (Coronary Artery Disease) Risk factors

Some of the risk factors of coronary artery disease include:

  • Family history
  • Age
  • High cholesterol
  • High blood pressure
  • Sedentary lifestyle
  • Smoking
  • Diabetes
  • Poor diet
  • Obesity

Symptoms of Coronary Artery Disease

Some common signs and symptoms that should raise your concern of coronary artery disease include:

  • Angina or chest heaviness, tightness, or pressure
  • Arrhythmia or fast rate heartbeat and palpitations
  • Sweating
  • Nausea
  • Weakness and fatigue
  • Breathing difficulties
  • Dizziness

Coronary Artery Disease Treatment

The treatment of coronary artery disease can vary with the disease severity and the condition causing the disease. However, the general convention treatment includes:

  • Healthy lifestyle such as eating a healthy diet and regular exercises
  • Medications for treating angina
  • Medication to unblock blood vessels from blood clots – the aftereffect of plaque buildup
  • A daily prescription to lower cholesterol
  • High blood pressure or hypertension medications
  • Pills to help boost oxygen to the heart

Testing for Coronary Artery Disease

Live Blood Analysis

We do look at live and dry blood samples for a localized area in the sample that appears raised/bulging. This pattern is connected to cardiovascular health challenges, including circulation problems, stress on the heart, high blood pressure, irregular heartbeats, narrowing of blood vessels, etc. 

Blistering as observed during a live blood analysis
A DNA health test from Island Healthworks may help predict likelihood of heart disease.

DNA Testing for Coronary Artery Disease

We do DNA health testing which could help detect this potential and many others. If you are concerned that you might have the possibility, then give us a call and we can set up a DNA health assessment test. The Gene MTRR is a key factor in Heart Health especially with Homocysteine Levels

Key Genes: MTRR (Homocysteine/Healthy Heart Gene or MTRR rs1801394)


The MTRR gene encodes for the MTRR enzyme, which specifically supports cardiovascular health by regulating homocysteine levels.

Coronary Artery Disease Alternative Treatment

There are various alternative treatments for supporting heart health issues, naturally. The following are some of the recommendations from our natural health practitioner, Yvonne Dollar Perc.

Rejuvenaid Helps in energy metabolism and tissue formation. Helps in collagen formation to maintain healthy bones, cartilage, teeth and/or gums. Helps to maintain proper muscle function and tissue formation.

High Potency Garlic Used in Herbal Medicine to help reduce elevated blood lipid levels/hyperlipidemia and maintain cardio vascular health in adults.

Ginkgo & Hawthorn Ginkgo and hawthorn is a classic traditional herbal combination to support and maintain overall cardiovascular health.


Coronary artery disease, like any other heart disease, can be fatal if left untreated. If you suspect or experience any of the symptoms mentioned, consult your health practitioner immediately. Your health personnel can deal with your case according to your condition.

If for some reason you fail to take the necessary measurements to curb or treat CAD, you are at risk of heart failure disease. Heart failure is another serious heart disease that can be fatal if not dealt with earlier enough.

Within the past 30 years of clinical experience, Yvonne (natural health practitioner at Island Healthworks Clinic) with the help of Nature Sunshine, has put together a list of products that can benefit your heart health. It is always best to have a consultation with Yvonne before guessing as to what you need.

Do you want to know more about heart failure disease? You don't want to miss reading about the disease in our next heart disease series. Be on the lookout!! Over the course of the next 7 weeks, we will be covering in detail, the list of the common heart diseases, their causes, symptoms, and treatment. Be sure not to miss any of the articles we post. 

To learn more, contact Yvonne Dollard Perc at Island Healthworks. Yvonne offers phone consultations where she will develop an individualized health care program and lifestyle plan tailored to your specific needs through a personal health and lifestyle analysis.

Call 250-468-7685 to speak with Yvonne and set up a phone consultation!

Yvonne offers in-person consultations with assessment of your specific needs, health and lifestyle coaching, and the best of integrative natural health care. To book your in person consultation, please call 250-468-7685!

This article is intended for educational purposes and the information contained within is not intended to treat, diagnose or cure any disease or health problem. Please seek appropriate medical attention for any health complaints. We cannot take responsibility for your health care decisions. Our intent is only to offer health information to help you with your search for better health. 

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Elizabeth Njuguna is a freelance writer, with a focus on natural health. Her aim is to promote healthy lifestyles through information. Connect with Elizabeth at This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Editor: Yvonne Dollard Perc
Research Assistant: Elizabeth Njuguna

Designer: Sherry Robb 

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Sunday, 19 January 2020